Basic HTML5 Skeleton File

Basic HTML5 Skeleton File

I often like to start my projects from scratch and stray away from using frameworks. HTML5 Boilerplate is a really great resource for creating a style-agnostic web project foundation; all your bases will be covered. However, it’s much more than I need for a standard project, and I’d waste more time deleting what I don’t need than I’d save for the convenience.

A minimal index.html file should always contain a few things, though.

Declare the document type

Define the character coding
<meta charset="utf-8"> UTF8.

Define the width of the viewport
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
Optimize for mobile and prevent zoom/horizontal scroll.

Make browsers render elements consistently with a CSS reset.
Normalize.css is a good option.

Include jQuery library
Google generously provides hosted libraries

Include links to Custom CSS and JavaScript
css/style.css and js/script.js are acceptable paths.

Use the latest Internet Explorer rendering mode (optional)
<meta http-equiv="x-ua-compatible" content="ie=edge">Not mandatory, but might be helpful.

Basic index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta http-equiv="x-ua-compatible" content="ie=edge">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">


  <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/main.css">
  <link rel="icon" href="images/favicon.png">


  <script src=""></script>
  <script src="js/script.js"></script>


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<pre><code>def print_hi(name)
  puts "Hi, #{name}"